The Florentine Codex: Depictions of War With The Spanish

 The Aztec story of the Spanish Conquest, as told in the Florentine Codex, lends a good deal of credit to the native allies, as seen in depictions of natives marching with the Spanish and moving Spanish cannons. It also offers an unbiased look into the gravity of violence committed by both sides. The ritual sacrifice of Spanish prisoners and the hiding and looting of Spanish corpses are depicted in the Codex Florentine. Spanish massacres are depicted in equal detail in the document the illustrations in the Florentine Codex, rather than attempt to cover up what would later be considered atrocities committed against the Spanish colonial rulers or play up the brutality of Cortez's soldiers, instead illustrate that the Aztecs viewed and documented the war in a more stark and factual manner. 

[Untitled]

Bernadino De Sahagun

Illustration of Spanish Marching with Natives, La Historia Universal De Las Cosas De Nueva Espana,1577

Ink on Paper

Medicea Laurenziana Library, Florence, Italy

[Untitled]

Bernadino De Sahagun

Illustration of Spaniard Killing an Aztec, La Historia Universal De Las Cosas De Nueva Espana,1577

Ink on Paper

Medicea Laurenziana Library, Florence, Italy

 

[Untitled]

Bernadino De Sahagun

Illustration of Spanish and Horse Heads on Racks, La Historia Universal De Las Cosas De Nueva Espana,1577

Ink on Paper

Medicea Laurenziana Library, Florence, Italy